- Origin of the name : Uncertain. From the Sanskrit "tupas", fire or the island of Topazos in the Red Sea.
- Chemical composition : Aluminum Fluosilicate, Al2(SiO4) (F,OH)2.
- Hardness : 8
- Crystal System : Orthorhombic
- Deposits : Australia, Burma, Brazil, Japan, Madagascar, Mexico, Nigeria, Rhodesia, Russia, Sri Lanka, USA.
- Colors : Colorless, can go from yellow to orange brown (Other colors possible)
Let yourself be seduced by the Topaz stone, this stone with a thousand facets and many colors that will soothe your mind and body. Use it also in order to protect the body from excesses, and the spirit of the too cumbersome thoughts. Sort out, thanks to Topaz, and stay focused on your goals.
The topaz stone is a precious crystal known since antiquity. It is mentioned in authors such as Pliny the Elder as well as in the Bible. It is then associated with Saint Matthew who was given topaz to enlighten the darkened hearts of his community.
Topaz is very quickly associated with protective powers and virtues. It was called the "golden stone" during antiquity because it was supposed to facilitate gold prospecting. The Egyptians, who highly valued the stone for its luster, used it as amulets. The Romans and Greeks used it to increase their strength and believed it could make them invisible.
This property attributed to topaz comes from a legend dating back to the 7th century B.C. Gyges, then king of Lydia in Asia Minor, found a magic ring in the flanks of a bronze horse. On one side of this ring is the image of a sun engraved on a topaz. On the other, the image of a moon engraved on an emerald.
This magical ring contains words that, when spoken aloud, make it invisible. Gyges used the magical properties of the ring to kill his friend in order to appropriate his wife and make her his mistress. He would have used the ring on many other occasions. But the ring disappeared and no one knows where it is now.
In the Middle Ages, topaz was used to soothe blurred vision. Worn as a jewel by Pope Clement VI, who wore a topaz ring, it would also have treated the plague victims in 1348. It is not only in Europe that topaz is used for its multiple virtues. Indian doctors used it to tone the heart and improve the blood circulation of their patients. The Chinese, for their part, hung it in their homes to transmit energy and good health.
Topaz Origins & Composition
The origins of the name of this beautiful crystal remain uncertain. Some authors attribute its origins to the Sanskrit word "tapaz" which means "fire". Others believe that the name "topaz" comes from the Greek island Topazios, now Zabargad.
For a long time, it was common to call the majority of yellow stones "topaz". It is only from the description of this crystal, made by Anselme Boèce de Boot in 1609, that the name topaz refers to the gem we know today.
Topaz comes in many colors: yellow, blue, pink, white, red, purple, green and even colorless, which remains the most widespread variety. The pigmentation of topaz can be changed by the effect of a treatment. This treatment can consist of the diffusion of ions on the surface of the crystal or irradiation. It is also possible to change this pigmentation by heating the topaz or by using the coating method. Topaz of natural origin is more sought-after than topaz whose pigmentation is obtained by treatment.
Blue topaz is the most used by jewelers. It remains rare in its natural state and is often obtained by treatment to obtain blue pigmentation. Often light blue, called sky blue, topazes of a more intense blue such as Swiss Blue are most often colorless topazes subjected to radiation and heat treatment.
The London Blue topaz, on the other hand, is a dark blue topaz. In its natural state, this crystal is extracted from deposits in Sri Lanka, China and Nigeria. This precious crystal is considered to be the most beautiful among the different varieties of topaz.
- Precious topaz refers to yellow, pink, orange or red topaz.
- Imperial topaz originated in 19th century Russia. Named in honor of the Tsar of Russia, it was found in large quantities in the Ural Mountains. It has vivid tones ranging from intense gold to red-orange.
- Cherry topaz is a red topaz.
- White topaz is a colorless topaz with white tones.
- Fire topaz is a multicolored topaz, rather orange, obtained after a coating treatment.
- Finally, mystical topaz, also called rainbow topaz, describes a topaz that has become multicolored thanks to the coating technique.
There are topaz deposits in several regions of the world: Asia, Africa, United States, Eurasia, South America. However, Brazil has the largest topaz deposit, especially imperial topaz, in the state of Minas Gerais. It is in a Brazilian mine, in the region of Ouro Preto, that the most famous topaz was found in 1640: Braganza. Weighing nearly 1689 carats, this topaz was mounted on the crown of Portugal.
You can admire blue topazes from Brazil at the British Museum in London and the Natural History Museum in Chicago. These Brazilian crystals weigh 614 and 5890 carats respectively. The Fersman Museum in Moscow has a blue-green topaz that weighs more than 32 kilos. The largest specimens of the crystal are on display at the Smithsonian Institution. The largest gem in the collection weighs 7,725 carats.
Topaz Meaning and Properties
Topaz Metaphysical Properties
It is the color of topaz that would determine its properties.
- Blue topaz would facilitate dialogue, communication and listening to others. It contributes to the birth of friendships. You can wear the crystal as a jewel or directly on your solar plexus chakra to reduce anxiety and nervousness. If you suffer from sleep disorders, favour the application of topaz on the frontal chakra. Be careful not to confuse topaz with aquamarine, which, although it has similar properties, is more powerful and, above all, more expensive.
- Imperial topaz allows a spiritual and physical recharge. For this purpose, it acts like a battery. It provides self-confidence and optimism. Filled with confidence, you have faith in yourself and your faculties. It also increases your charisma and allows you to surround yourself with the right people.
- White topaz is ideal for people who may have frequent headaches. It also helps concentration and clears up ideas. It acts directly on the well-being of the person by chasing away his uncertainties and doubts.
- Pink topaz symbolizes hope. It stimulates both the intellectual and the spiritual, and opens the way to good health.
Generally speaking, topaz is the crystal of love and luck. It brings joy and health to whoever wears it. Soft, it promotes communication and relationships with others. It is also ideal to increase intellectual faculties.
Topaz Healing Properties
Topaz has been used since the Middle Ages to help alleviate visual disorders. Thus, Saint Hildegarde de Binger recommended the use of topaz as an elixir to correct visual weakness. It would also have a beneficial effect on hearing.
As a dynamizer, it would promote blood circulation and vascular exchanges. It would also have particularly beneficial effects on certain organs such as the lungs, liver, kidneys, gall bladder and endocrine gland. Green topaz would be the most effective in relation to the liver. Placed on the solar plexus, it contributes to strengthen it and would help the regeneration of cellular structures.
In particular, it can restore the sense of taste and contribute to a better assimilation of nutrients. This wellness crystal helps digestion and stimulates the metabolism. Soothing, it promotes calm and restful sleep.
Very versatile, topaz energizes the body and soothes the mind.