- Origin of the name : From its olivine green color and named by the mineralogist and geologist Abraham Gottlob Werner.
- Chemical composition : Ferrous magnesium silicate, (Mg, Fe)2SiO4.
- Hardness : Between 6,5 and 7
- Crystal System : Orthorhombic
- Deposits : South Africa, Australia, Burma, Brazil, United States, Zerbiget Island (Red Sea), Norway, Zaire.
- Colors : Going from yellow green to brownish green
The olivine stone is a mineral of the silicate group. Finding its origin around 1500 BC, and called "peridot", it is very present in ancient Egypt. It is the main element of the mother rock "Peridotite". It was the German mineralogist and geologist Abraham Gottlob Werner, who gave it this name, in reference to its olive green color. It is often gathered by segregation in the rock. Historians believed that the famous emerald jewels worn by Cleopatra were adorned with peridots. Wrongly named topaz, olivine is called "stone of the sun" by the Egyptians, who associate its intriguing brilliance with light.
This light greatly facilitates nighttime exploration by allowing groups of miners to identify its location and extract it from the deposits when daylight arrives. Popular in Greek jewelry, it was possessed mainly by the Ottoman sultans, and was carefully guarded by Pharaonic soldiers, who would later execute anyone who wanted to appropriate it. Unlike other crystals formed in the heart of the earth's crust, diamond and olivine are created deep in the earth's mantle. Thanks to the movements of tectonic plates and volcanic action, it is buried under several kilometers deep and will be thrown back to the surface to be recovered by man. It is the first mineral to crystallize when a magma cools down.
Essentially discovered during antiquity on the island of Topazos, today called Zabargad or St. John's, lost in the middle of the Red Sea, it has a special history that is told in the natural history collection of Pliny the Elder (23-79 AD). It is described there as having hypothetically appeared in the fourth century BC. The region of Zabargad, which strangely disappeared from the maps of explorers for many decades and was found in 1905, was the first to try to search in depth for olivine stone for more than 3500 years.
Present in multiple cultures, and with a crystalline structure, it has a special significance for Hawaiians. It represents the tears of the goddess Pele and in the Bible, belongs to the twelve stones of the breastplate of Aaron, attributes of the gates of Jerusalem and the lineages of Israel.
It is also used in the decoration of churches at the end of the Crusades, such as the great olivine, enthroned on the shrine of the Magi in the cathedral of Cologne. It was the Second World War that put an end to the extraction of olivine stone on the island of Zabargad, giving way to five dominant deposits: Burma, Pakistan, the United States with Arizona and New Mexico, China and Vietnam. If it exceeds 8 carats, it is held by collectors or museums. The American museums in New York and Chicago exhibit the most beautiful assortments. The Smithsonian Institute in Washington, D.C., also has this valuable material worth 310 carats.
Olivine Origin & Composition
Its origin remains partly unclear, but there are many suppositions that its name comes from the Arabic word "faridat", which designates its precious character. Its structure is (Mg,Fe)2SiO4. Pliny the Elder described it as a green and crystalline material with bewitching beauty. It consists of a network of silica and oxygen atoms (called a silicate), on which are organized atoms of magnesium and, in small quantities, iron. It is an exceptional cluster of magnesium, iron and silica, with a composition that gives us a jewel of a bright green thanks to the high presence of nickel or chromium. Its color is very close to the green of the emerald.
This is why it is often described as an "evening" or "poor man's" emerald. It is also called Chrysolite. Palladot is a rarer category of this mineral group. It is a kind of meteorite of variable size, which belongs to the rare extraterrestrial stones, falling from the sky and forming the famous shooting stars. At the center of these meteorites is a sparkling layer of a chemical mixture of iron and nickel with inclusions of olivine crystals: these are the celestial olivines.
Its beauty and rarity allow it to adorn multiple pieces of jewelry, illuminating them with a magnificent palette of colors, ranging from the light olive to its most intense version. Note that if you choose an eco-friendly roof with an olivine finishing coat, you will reduce the problems of CO2 emissions.
In this same chapter, you should know that in rainy weather, this type of finish on your roof will neutralize CO2 from the atmosphere. In 2013, a study of the ductility of olivine at a temperature of 850 to 1100°C showed a low resistance of it. But it is difficult to perform these experiments with such low temperatures, characterizing the most superficial part of the mantle in contact with the earth's crust. In May 2018, following a volcanic eruption in Hawaii, olivine crystals were ejected from the magmatic rock, or released by the lava, and came ashore in gardens or on beaches.
Olivine Meaning and Properties
Olivine Metaphysical Properties
The olivine stone has a positive psychological effect, helping the person using it to increase self-confidence. By reducing stress, it will allow you to regain an iron mind, erasing the guilt that comes from our past. The energy it contains gives it a great place in spirituality. It is even attributed mystical powers.
It would make it possible to forget the melancholy and the various evils of our spirit (like jealousy). It is also reputed to bring good fortune and a harmonious life. It can also protect you from the torments of the night, deliver you from a bad spell, or reduce excess body heat.
It also brings success to marriages and relationships, and repels evil spirits. Many popular beliefs are attributed to it. For it to be effective, it must be worn on the wrist or around the neck if you wish to use its virtues. It gives its wearer lucidity and purity, by having an action on the extrasensory points, in particular the third eye.
It acts on excessive fears and low morale in order to help the person to face them and stay in shape. Thanks to it, you will get rid of your feelings of resentment, nervousness and even jealousy. It dispels the darkness of the negative emotions that plague your life and directs you towards a captivating light.
Olivine Healing Properties
The olivine stone makes the skin more beautiful, reaching the chakra of the heart and solar plexus, where the vital energy is found, to eliminate toxins. The body then regains vitality and tone. If you put it on your painful belly, it will regulate the liver, intestines or bladder. Held against you, it will improve your blood circulation. Immersed in water and then removed after a few hours, it will help you fight against certain skin disorders.
Through massages, it will promote weight loss by eliminating fat. It will also allow you to work on yourself in case of overweight, to assume your curves. It also allows to have a positive effect on the contractions of pregnant women in order to reduce the pain related to them. It has an impact on physical health, because it brings you a great energy. It has a positive effect on the heart by promoting good blood circulation. It gives you a better quality of sleep. It calms tissue irritations of the body, the pain of insect bites.
It promotes your digestion, improves your transit, and allows you to reach a state of well-being. It is a rock whose price is accessible, and which has many soothing virtues. If you wish to purify it, it is necessary to plunge it in salty distilled water. In any case, if you want it to keep its effectiveness, recharge it by exposing it to the sun on a heap of quartz.
As intriguingly beautiful as its history, it will seduce you in part by its wide range of colors from green-yellow to darker. By diminishing the evils of the heart and the spirit, it will allow you to recover your self-esteem and will balance your mental structure. After having used it, you will quickly feel many benefits, and you will have a regular use thereafter. In this same chapter, you should be aware that a form of this material is used in anthroposophically oriented medicine.