- Belonging group : Augites
- Chemical composition : Sodium aluminum double silicate, Na A1 (SiO6)
- Hardness : Between 6,5 and 7
- Crystal System : Monoclinic
- Deposits : Burma, Canada, China, United States, Guatemala, Japan, Mexico, New Zealand, Russia.
- Colors : Green, Brown-Beige, Brown-Blue, Brown-Red, Blackish, sometimes purplish or pink.
With its colors ranging from light green to dark green, the Jade Stone is the symbol of purity, power but also wisdom. Jade is a protective stone that protects its wearer from evil. It is also reputed to attract luck and promote friendship.
The jade stone, from its name the "piedra de ijada" meaning stone for the iliac pit, owes its name to the Spanish conquistadors at the beginning of the 15th century. From their Latin "lapis nephriticus", jade and nephrite means flank stone, in relation to its virtues and properties responsible for alleviating kidney dysfunctions.
Some Indian beliefs went in this direction since they used it to relieve pain in the kidneys as well as in the colon. According to other beliefs, the jade stone would make it possible to drive out the negative spirits. When a being died and as a symbol of eternal life, a jade cicada was also placed in their mouth.
At the time, the jade stone was polished for the purpose of making axes. It was also used in China to make artistic objects. When a Chinese possessed a jade object or jewel, such as a jade pendant, he could hope to attain the dignity of the Empire.
In the East, the jade stone was the stone that represented the Emperor and embodied the powers of the sun, the absolute powers. The emperor had a jade scepter and gave the princes jade tablets according to their hierarchical position. For the princes of the first rank, they received 2 columns engraved in jade. For the 2nd rank princes, with a standing man. For the 3rd rank princes, with a bent man. For the 4th rank princes, with millet.
Today, jade is one of the gemstones, i.e. a very hard stone (hardness varying between 6.5 and 7) and is used for ornamental purposes or in jewelry for making pieces such as jade necklace, jade rings, jade bracelet, etc..
The jade stone exists and comes in 2 types:
- Nephrite Jade: The nephrite jade stone is composed of nephrite belonging to the amphiboles, i.e. magnesium and calcium silicate. It is quite easily found.
- Jade Jadeite: Jade stone is composed, as its name also indicates, of jadeite, i.e. aluminum and sodium silicate. It is a more precious and much rarer stone to find than Nephrite Jade.
Traditionally called "Mayan jade" when it is dark green in color, the jade stone is green in color varying in hue and can be more or less dark. The jade can be white in color. Commonly called "jade of the Olmecs", the jade can be of green-blue color where it consists of cobalt salts. It can be black where it consists of titanium salts. It is possible to find it of pink color where it is made up of manganese and iron salts.
The main deposits of jade are located in Burma, Canada, China, the United States, Guatemala, Japan, Mexico, New Zealand and Russia.
Jade Meaning and Properties
Jade Metaphysical Properties
Metaphysically, the jade stone represents honesty, especially in all aspects related to power. It also represents temperance, it has in its main virtues and properties to offer tolerance. In this sense, jade allows to give objectivity to the judgment of others and allows to increase the level of consciousness.
Justice and morality are strong assets of the jade stone in lithotherapy, but also for all the fields of mediation, balance and negotiation. Among its other virtues on the mental level, jade removes guilt and allows one to confront realities.
Jade Healing Properties
On the physical level in lithotherapy, the jade stone carries its virtues on the rise of the body temperature and the headaches. It acts directly on the heart chakra and also helps to reduce nervousness on a personal level. Jade also acts on the third eye chakra by balancing the instability of people and therefore it treats dizziness.
The jade stone also treats all the dysfunctions of the physical plane being of nervous origin, such as irritations and dryness of the skin. They are all directly related to the heart chakra.