- Origin of the name : From the Latin "malum granatum" meaning "grainy apple, pomegranate" for its color and from the Latin "granum" meaning "grain" for its shape.
- Belonging group : Garnet
- Chemical composition : Aluminum iron silicate, Fe3Al2Si3O12
- Hardness : Between 6,5 and 7,5
- Crystal System : Cubic
- Deposits : Austria, Afghanistan, Brazil, India, Sri Lanka, Czechoslovakia.
- Colors : Red, brown, sometimes purplish.
Used for millennia and over the centuries in jewelry, the garnet stone was sometimes called red gemstone, from the Latin "malum granatum", fruit with grains, strongly resembling the color of the pomegranate. The Romans also called it carbuncle. Its presence in various religious texts testifies to the importance of the symbolism of the garnet stone: in the Bible it is a lantern to illuminate Noah in the midst of darkness, and the term carbuncle is used in the fourth heaven in the Qur'an.
During antiquity, however, it was difficult to identify these garnets because of the lack of an accurate method for identifying gemstones, as empirical tests were not very rigorous. As a result, garnets were sometimes confused with rubies, as were spinels in the category of pyrope garnets. However, there is a great difference in hardness and cleavage between these stones, which makes it possible to distinguish between them.
Indeed, garnet being much less rare than sapphire or ruby, it was used to engrave agates, jaspas, ivories, etc. to represent faces or animals, in Rome, Greece or ancient Egypt. There was a wide variety of these stones, and in its powdery form, its abrasive qualities were used to easily roughen and polish these stones, especially quartz, which was a less hard stone. The common garnet stone was used in place of other non-precious and all too rare corundum. In terms of hardness and availability, this stone was therefore unanimously accepted.
In the 5th century A.D., the rise of garnet was confirmed during the fall of the Roman Empire. For good reason, the barbarians used it in jewelry, taking up the Byzantine style, to which they added their techniques and their know-how of the cloisonné. Also, the Vikings used it in funeral ceremonies, lending the garnet the virtue of being able to guide the dead to Valhalla, paradise.
Merovingian jewelry made of garnets, including garnet fibulas or pendants, are indeed exposed in the Museum of National Antiquities in Saint-Germain en Laye or the museum of Cluny (France), inherited from their rough polishing and never faceted, thus preserving the original volume of the raw stone.
The 18th century also saw the use of garnet in Europe, in adornments thanks to the Bohemian garnet. Then the XIXth century, in Asia in particular, saw this stone used by the warriors of Honza, in the north of Pakistan. Because of its blood color, the latter lent it a more powerful murderous power and thus fired bullets of garnets on their British opponents rather than lead bullets.
Garnet stone gets its mineral origin from its isometric crystal system. Also called pyrope-almandine when used alone, the majority of garnets are often presented in two categories: neosilicates and fine stones for quality garnets. Composed almost exclusively of garnet, it is then called grenatite, but this stone is also a component of some metamorphic rocks (eclogites, paragneiss) which then allows us to specify the history of their pressure and temperature.
Garnet is a family of isomorphic minerals, from the 4/m32/m group of the cubic system, with derived forms : From the group of nesosilicates, coming from the Greek nesos (island), they are formed in a three-dimensional way of isolated tetrahedrons, not connected between them, sharing however octahedron and tetrahedron summits, constituted by oxygen atoms all identical.
In the space between these polyhedra there are cavities in the form of triangular dodecahedrons, in which the bivalent cations with coordination 8 are placed. These cavities can be described as tetragonal antiprisms deformed in such a way that the vertices are no longer coplanar. The mesh size is very large since it contains no less than 96 oxygens. No cleavage was observed.
Garnet Meaning and Properties
Garnet Metaphysical Properties
On the psychological level, garnet stone has many properties, bringing joy and strength of life, energy, courage, driving force and self-confidence. It is associated with the power of will, increased self-confidence, and success. Garnet stone is thus a strong anchor stone.
Garnet is credited with the power to free itself from negative behavior patterns and the power of regeneration, to help combat discouragement, sadness, failure, and emotional instability. This stone promotes self-respect and also helps to cope with obstacles or a feeling of persecution. Finally, garnet allows regressions on past lives.
Garnet Healing Properties
On the physical level, the garnet has a certain role first of all by strengthening the heart, and by regulating the circulation of blood. Moreover, by increasing the blood plasma and thus the white blood cells, the assimilation of hemoglobin is improved. The capillary vessels are also strengthened, reducing skin irritations, internal and external wounds.
Garnet has an invigorating role in several organs, including the liver, spleen and kidneys. The reproductive apparatus is stimulated, thus improving sexual power, and protecting the reproductive organs. Can also be treated: ear buzzing. At the bone level, we also note the power of garnet against joint pain and heaviness, abnormal hardening of an organ and decreased bone mineralization, as well as bone fractures. The spine would be protected.