- Origin of the name : From the Latin "beryllus", derived from the ancient Greek "beryllos", which translates literally as "color of sea water".
- Belonging group : Silicate
- Chemical composition : Varies according to the stone. The beryl family includes 6 stones.
- Hardness : Between 7,5 and 8
- Crystal System : Hexagonal
- Deposits : Australia, Austria, Brazil, Colombia, India, Madagascar, Nigeria, Pakistan, Russia, South Africa, Tanzania, United States, Zambia.
- Colors : Blue, Yellow, Orange, Pink, Red, Transparent, Green.
Beryl stone has been known since ancient times. Its name was first mentioned in the year 77 A.D. in Pliny's Natural History. Etymologically, the Latin name "beryllus" is derived from the ancient Greek "beryllos", which literally translates as "color of sea water". In ancient Rome, this stone was used to make certain objects, such as magnifying glasses.
Today, this material is best known as the main source of beryllium, a metal that is highly valued for the design of certain alloys, but is also used for the creation of nuclear energy. However, crystals from this ore are still used in jewelry, to design all types of pendants, rings or ornaments... They have the advantage of being cut in many different ways: drop, pear, square, facet...
Beryl Origins and Composition
There are different types of beryl, which differ in color. We distinguish: emerald (green), aquamarine (blue or green-blue), heliodore (golden or yellow), goshenite (colorless), morganite (pink to orange) and red beryl. Semi-precious, even precious for some of them, these gems belong to the silicate group.
They may contain traces of iron, manganese, magnesium, calcium, chromium or sodium... It is these different traces of metals that explain the wide range of colors of these stones, which range from light to dark, transparent or opaque. Although present throughout the world, this mineral is mainly extracted in Colombia, Russia (heliodores), Brazil (aquamarines, heliodores, others) or Pakistan (aquamarines). There are also large deposits in the United States, and the presence of this ore has been reported in several places in France.
Mineral very present in the granitic pegmatites, this stone results from a phenomenon of crystallization. This phenomenon can be explained by the enrichment in water of the magma, but also by the contribution of rare elements.
The crystals can be of large size, thanks to the mineralizing elements that are fluorine and boron. In pegmatite, this stone is often found in the vicinity of other minerals, such as topaz, muscovite, wolframite, garnet, but especially quartz, feldspar or mica. It is also found in some syenites (nephelineic or not) and in some marbles.
It is sometimes characterized by a phenomenon called "metamorphic paragenesis". By mixing silica, alumina and beryllium bicarbonate, a hydrothermal synthesis of this mineral can be achieved. A temperature of 400°C to 850°C is then necessary, as well as a pressure of 400 to 2000 bars. The beryl stone crystallizes in the hexagonal space group P6/mcc (Z = 2 form units per mesh), with the mesh parameters a = 9,203 Å and c = 9,172 Å (V = 672.75 Å3, calculated density = 2.65 g/cm3).
Beryl has a vitreous or matte luster, imperfect cleavage, hexagonal morphology and prismatic faces. It is also quite hard, with a density ranging from 2.60 to 2.90. There are also prisms of different types terminated by a pinacoid, as well as bipyramids of two kinds. The elongation of the crystals follows the Z axis. The stone becomes fluorescent and luminescent when subjected to ultraviolet radiation, and reveals a white line and a conchoidal fracture.
The most transparent variants take on a milky white color when heated abruptly, while the emeralds take on a light green hue. One can classify these minerals in 5 categories according to the alkali content: alkali-free, alkaline-poor, soda, sodico-lithic and cesio-lithic.
The first contain less than 1% alkali; the second have a potassium content of between 0.5% and 1%; the third have a sodium content of between 0.5% and 1%; the fourth contain between 0% and 2% sodium, as well as less than 6% lithium; the fifth contain a lot of sodium and lithium, as well as at least 5% cesium.
The beryl stone family is an integral part of the cyclosilicates, characterized by a six-member ring. Its structure has a particular symmetry, perpendicular to the main axis. It passes through silicon atoms and may also contain aluminum atoms (instead of silicon), as well as hydroxyl OH.
According to Strunz's classification, this stone falls within the group 9.CJ.05. It is therefore considered a silicate with a six-membered ring, which makes it, more precisely, a cyclosilicate. Forming columns, which are distinguished by their parallelism to the main axis, they are connected to each other by rings. These are composed of four tetrahedrons. Aluminum is also found in the octahedral sites.
Beryl Meaning and Properties
Beryl Metaphysical Properties
Beryl is known for its influence on emotions and feelings. The heliodore, yellow or golden, stimulates the mind, gives more willpower and reduces stress. Morganite, with its pink to orange hue, soothes emotional problems and improves seduction skills.
Generally speaking, this gem has a soft action, which favours mediation, purging negative energies and of course reducing stress. It is however necessary to use it sparingly and to have a little experience, considering its power. The chakras of predilection of this stone are especially the chakras of the Solar Plexus, the chakra of the Heart and the coronal chakra.
Other chakras can be added to the list depending on the color and specificity of the variant used. These minerals are symbols of luck, calm and purity; in India, they are offered as wedding gifts. Emerald is synonymous with hope, heliodore with solar energy...
Depending on the variety, the virtues and lithotherapeutic effects are multiple: increase in willpower or courage, decrease of idleness, even appearance of prophetic dreams. Depending on its color and characteristics, it can be favorable to all astrological signs.
At the level of the etheric sub-planes, it allows the user to renew information and codes, while facilitating the reading of information resulting from a trauma of a vibratory nature. It is useful to close the cracks in the etheric body. Emotionally, it brings comfort (given its yin dominant) and a feeling of envelopment that reactivates a lot of information with power.
Of course, each variety (and thus each color) has its own specific field of action. On the mental level, it allows to integrate systems of higher thoughts. It pulls the individual upwards in his daily functioning, allows him to take a step back from his habits, to better apprehend his behavior and lifestyle. Results: a higher consciousness and a decrease in judgment.
The beryls are like inner guides that allow us to look at ourselves more as we are than as we think we are. They act as models of life different from what we are used to being. These models are not to be followed to the letter, but they simply allow us to step back from the idea we have of our individual consciousness. This new perception of ourselves obliges us to concretely modify our reality so that it is the most conform to what we are in essence.
Beryl Healing Properties
As we said before, the physical benefits of stone depend on the variety and hue. The stone would have a considerable contribution to establish harmony between the subtle bodies. Overall, the various types of beryl would contribute to the purification of the body and the stimulation of breathing and blood circulation.
Some types of beryl confer benefits to the liver and bone marrow of the user. Many other ailments can be soothed: swollen glands, pain in the arteries, intestinal disorders, transit, pain related to menstruation or pregnancy. This stone strengthens the eyes, the coronary arteries and the heart.