- Belonging group : Feldspars, Montebrasite type
- Chemical composition : Fluorinated lithium aluminum phosphate (Li, Na) Al [(F, OH)|PL4]
- Hardness : 6
- Deposits : Worldwide
- Colors : Yellow, Cognac, Brown
The whole history of amber stone began nearly 45 million years ago, between Central and Northern Europe where a huge part of the territory, from the Caspian Sea to the Norwegian coast, was covered with forests of amber, a mysterious orange-yellow resin with multiple virtues.
It is only discovered much later in time and found its commercialization on the road of amber in distant countries. Recognized as a luxury product because of its rarity, as it is only found in a few corners of the world, the amber stone was carefully transported between the Baltic Sea and the Elbe River along the Danube. A circuit was planned to bring it to the Roman Empire. It is thus at this time that was baptized its commercial way: "The Ancient Amber Road".
The amber stone had a commercial use during millennia, where we see the first amber pendants appear around 12 000 BC. Archaeologists found traces during the Neolithic Age: jewelry, house foundations, ornaments. Later, a few centuries B.C., the trade routes of amber stone reappeared thanks to the Celtic peoples.
This is attested by artefacts found in some tombs, notably in Greece, Babylon, the United Kingdom or Egypt in that of Tutankhamun. About a hundred years AD, Rome became the main purchaser of amber and all trade was centralized there. The Romans used amber stone in various contexts: objects, currency, etc.. In the "Great Book of Amber", it is said that a very large order arrived on the Baltic coast in the time of Nero, and that the quantity was so large that gladiators engraved each of their fights on amber plates.
Later in the Middle Ages, the amber stone trade was centralized in Gdansk, Poland. It was then used and produced to make the cross of Christianity. It was only later, from 1250, that the Teutonic Knights took control of the Prussian market. They got their hands on all the amber reserves in the Baltic and on the manufacture of objects, especially religious objects. Became a major issue, the amber stone was very strongly controlled.
If a person of the people was controlled in possession of amber that was not part of a rosary, they had a good chance of being sentenced to death. It is still possible to find traces of this wealth accumulated by the Teutonic Knights at Malbork Castle, where more than 2,000 amber stone objects, ranging from antiquity to today's craftsmanship, are on display.
Contrary to popular belief, the amber stone does not result from pine sap, but actually from the fossilization of plant resins as a result of a very significant climate change or injury. The name of Pinus Succifinera was attributed in 1890 by Hugo Conwentz to the coniferous trees that are at the origin of the Baltic amber.
These trees have produced a very important resin secretion during the climate change that has shaken the world, causing molecular changes spread over millions of years. The amber stone also relocated during this period, sailing in blocks from the rivers to the sea. Over the years, amber is a resin that has simply mineralized to become the sublime stone we know today in jewelry, yellow and radiant as a sun.
Today, the amber stone is an elegant yellow fossil resin with orange reflections very coveted in jewelry considered a very rare stone, assimilated to a precious stone. Amber is one of three gemstones (along with diamond and jet) of plant origin.
Thus, just like diamond, amber is the result of millions of years of presence in nature, which explains why it is highly prized by the world of jewelry. The resin of amber is composed of isoprenes (molecule of 5 carbon atoms). To be formed, it required conditions of pressure and heat, over a very large period of time, a few million years. The isoprene polymerized which allowed it to solidify.
Amber Meaning and Properties
Amber Metaphysical Properties
On the psychological level, in lithotherapy, the amber stone has many properties. First of all, it helps the person who wears it to assert himself and take his place. It makes it possible to express its personality, but also to impose itself in an environment. Amber allows to purify energies thanks to its solar radiance. It helps to unblock certain areas of the body when it is positioned on the chakra or the area in question.
Thanks to its stimulating properties on the mental level, the amber stone is a stone which supports any form of psychic work, it makes it possible to stimulate the reflexion and supports the intellectual blooming and boosts the memory. In this sense, amber helps to fight against forms of sadness. But above all, it encourages the surpassing of oneself and allows to reach one's goals, to realize one's dreams and to accomplish great things.
With amber, the psychological barriers collapse and nothing seems impossible to achieve. The mental force is without any doubt, the most beautiful asset of this stone with the multiple energizing properties.
Amber Healing Properties
The amber stone is a very masculine stone in Lithotherapy. Amber is known for its virtues of relief of dental pain. It is very often given to children to relieve irritation or tissue damage, especially during the growth of teeth. Amber is also much used to free speech by warming up throats that can be hoarse.
Amber helps to decongest the airways and fight against ENT (Ear, Nose and Throat) disorders. It is highly recommended for its anti-pain virtues if there is irritation or tissue damage to the body. More generally, the amber stone can stimulate the immune system.
It facilitates the rest and brings a better sleep (fight mainly against nightmares). It is particularly thanks to negative ions that amber is so beneficial to the immune system. Indeed, the many soothing properties on the physical level are intimately linked to its chemical composition. In all cases, this delicate yellow stone is ideal for fighting against stress and regain a sense of well-being in everyday life.